Spring Roll vs Egg Roll: Ultimate Comparison


Spring rolls and egg rolls are both delicious appetizers that have captured the hearts of many food enthusiasts worldwide. Though they may seem similar at first glance, these two dishes actually have several distinct differences, which I will discuss in this article.

Spring rolls have their roots in traditional Chinese cuisine, while egg rolls were born from American Chinese cooking adaptations. These appetizers differ in terms of ingredients, preparation, and even regional variations, which makes them unique from one another. As we dig deeper into their history, components, and recipes, we can better appreciate the diverse flavors and textures that each one brings to the table.

Key Takeaways

  • Spring rolls and egg rolls have different origins and ingredients.
  • Cooking methods and texture can vary between these appetizers.
  • Regional variations and sauces can influence their taste and presentation.
spring roll egg roll difference

Differences Between Spring Roll and Egg Roll

CriteriaSpring RollEgg Roll
OriginPrimarily from East and Southeast AsiaOriginated in Chinese cuisine
WrapperThin, translucent rice paperThicker, wheat-flour-based pastry
FillingFresh vegetables and sometimes meatCooked vegetables and meat filling
Cooking MethodUsually served fresh or deep-friedAlways deep-fried
TextureLight, crisp, and delicateHeavier and denser
FlavorEmphasis on fresh and natural flavorsBolder and savory taste
Served WithOften accompanied by dipping sauceTypically served with soy sauce
HealthinessGenerally considered a healthier optionCan be higher in calories and fat
Popular VariationsVietnamese, Thai, and Filipino spring rollsCommon in American-Chinese cuisine
Cultural SignificancePart of traditional Asian cuisinePopular in Chinese-American culture

Origins and History

Spring rolls and egg rolls are both delicious appetizers with different origins and distinct characteristics. Let me take you through their history and how they evolved over time.

Spring rolls originated in China during the Jin Dynasty, where they started as thin pancakes filled with spring vegetables. They were commonly eaten during the Chinese New Year, also known as the Spring Festival, hence the name “spring roll”. Over time, the dish evolved into a thin disc of dough rolled around a filling made with vegetables and sometimes meat.

Spring rolls later spread to other parts of Asia, including Vietnam, where they are also called “gỏi cuốn” or “summer rolls”. Vietnamese spring rolls are known for their fresh flavors and use of rice paper as the wrapper. In other regions such as Taiwan and the Philippines, spring roll variations like “popiah” and “lumpia” respectively became popular due to their unique local ingredients and flavors.

On the other hand, egg rolls are an Americanized version of the Chinese spring roll, invented in a Chinese restaurant in New York City in the early 1930s. Unlike spring rolls, which have a lighter and more delicate wrapper, egg roll wrappers are thicker and made with egg, hence the name “egg roll”.

The filling of an egg roll usually consists of meat, such as pork or shrimp, and various vegetables like cabbage and carrots. The exact origin of the “egg” name is quite murky, as the flavor of egg is not predominant in the dish, but it could have been inspired by the wrapper’s ingredients.

Overall, the history of spring rolls and egg rolls can be traced back to their respective cultural and regional influences. Although they share some similarities, their differences in origin and preparation have led to their unique flavors and appearances that are enjoyed by people all around the world today.

Main Components


When comparing spring roll and egg roll wrappers, there are some noticeable differences. Spring roll wrappers are typically made from rice flour and are thinner, giving them a delicate appearance. They are also translucent, allowing the filling to be visible through the wrapper. Rice paper is a common type of spring roll wrapper.

On the other hand, egg roll wrappers are made from wheat flour, making them more robust and opaque. As the name suggests, egg roll wrappers may also contain egg, resulting in a thicker and sturdier texture, almost like fried pasta.


The fillings inside spring rolls and egg rolls are quite different as well. Spring rolls tend to have light, fresh ingredients such as vegetables like cabbage, carrot, and bean sprouts. Rice noodles are also a common component, and meat—such as shrimp, chicken, or pork—may be included. Seafood is another popular choice for spring roll fillings.

Egg rolls, in contrast, have heavier fillings that usually consist of a mix of meat (typically pork) and vegetables like cabbage and carrots. The overall flavor of egg rolls is generally more savory, giving them a richer and more substantial taste compared to the lighter, fresher spring rolls.

See Also: Chow Mein vs Lo Mein

Cooking Methods

When it comes to cooking spring rolls and egg rolls, there are various methods that I can use to achieve different textures and flavors. In this section, I will discuss three common cooking methods: Fried, Baked, and Non-Fried.


Fried spring rolls and egg rolls are the most common and popular versions of these delicious appetizers. They usually involve deep-frying, which gives them a crispy, golden exterior. The wrappers used in both dishes play a significant role in their texture when fried. Spring roll wrappers, typically made from wheat flour or rice flour, turn thin and translucent after frying.

On the other hand, egg roll wrappers, found stateside and likely invented in a Chinese restaurant in New York City in the early 1930s, produce a chewy and crispy texture when fried.

I often use a wok or deep fryer to fry the rolls, making sure the oil is hot enough to ensure a crispy result without overcooking or making the rolls greasy. Using a wok can help to achieve an authentic, traditional touch when frying these tasty treats.


Baking is an alternative cooking method for spring rolls and egg rolls that offers a healthier approach, as it requires less oil than frying. When I bake my spring rolls and egg rolls, I brush them lightly with oil and place them on a baking sheet in a preheated oven until they turn crispy and golden brown. This method results in a slightly different texture than when they are deep-fried, but it still provides a delicious and satisfying crunch.


For those who prefer non-fried options, spring rolls can be prepared with a soft, non-fried wrapper made from rice paper. Vietnamese spring rolls, in particular, make use of rice paper and are served fresh, without frying 3. These non-fried spring rolls are light, delicate, and typically filled with fresh vegetables, herbs, and proteins like shrimp or pork. While non-fried egg rolls may not be as common, it’s possible to experiment with different cooking methods like steaming or air-frying to create a less greasy, healthier version of this beloved appetizer.

To summarize, I have explored various cooking techniques for spring rolls and egg rolls – from the traditional deep-frying method to healthier alternatives like baking and non-fried options. Each method offers a unique flavor and texture, which makes these appetizers versatile and enjoyable in various forms.

Texture Differences

When comparing egg rolls and spring rolls, I noticed some key differences in texture. First and foremost, the exterior of the two appetizers varies greatly. Egg rolls, which feature a thick and hearty wrapper, have a slightly chewy texture and create a satisfying crunch when bitten into. Their surface is covered with small bubbles, giving them a distinct appearance.

On the other hand, spring rolls exhibit a thinner and lighter wrapper which produces a different crispiness when fried. The fried spring rolls have a delicate exterior that breaks under the bite of your teeth, offering a satisfying crunch but in a more subtle way. In contrast to egg rolls, spring rolls have a perfectly smooth surface.

While fried versions of both rolls exist, spring rolls also have a fresh option, which is not typically seen with egg rolls. Fresh spring rolls have a softer, more delicate wrapper that almost seems like a thin rice paper when compared to the fried version. This offers a unique texture experience, as they retain a certain level of chewiness while remaining light and airy.

In conclusion, whether you prefer a thicker, chewier texture or a thin, delicate crunch, both spring rolls and egg rolls cater to different tastes and preferences when it comes to the texture aspect.

Regional Variations

Chinese Spring Rolls

In my experience, Chinese spring rolls are among the most well-known rolled appetizers. They usually have a thin, crispy wrapper made of wheat flour and are filled with a variety of ingredients such as vegetables, meat, or seafood. They are typically deep-fried until golden and crisp, making them a popular choice in Chinese restaurants everywhere.

Vietnamese Spring Rolls

Vietnamese spring rolls, also known as “gỏi cuốn,” have a distinctively different presentation. They feature a soft, translucent rice paper wrapper and are commonly filled with fresh ingredients like shrimp, pork, lettuce, and herbs. Instead of being fried, these rolls are served fresh, allowing me to enjoy the light and refreshing taste they offer.

Filipino Lumpia

My encounters with Filipino lumpia remind me of Chinese spring rolls but with a unique Filipino twist. They usually have a thinner, crispier wrapper and are filled with a mix of ground meat, vegetables, and various seasonings. Lumpia comes in numerous regional variations across the Philippines, some being fried, while others are served fresh, similar to Vietnamese spring rolls.

Southwestern Egg Roll

The Southwestern egg roll is an Americanized spin-off that combines classic egg roll elements with regional Southwestern flavors. These rolls typically contain ingredients like black beans, corn, cheese, and seasoned meat or chicken. I enjoy the satisfying, spicy, and cheesy taste that makes them stand out among other roll variations.

Breakfast Egg Roll

Breakfast egg rolls offer a creative and delicious way to enjoy a morning meal. Instead of traditional Asian fillings, they are packed with breakfast ingredients such as bacon, eggs, sausage, and cheese. I find their scrumptious combination of flavors and the convenience of eating them on-the-go to be a pleasant way to start my day.

Sauces and Accompaniments

When it comes to enjoying spring rolls and egg rolls, their delectable fillings are only part of the story. A key aspect of the dining experience involves pairing these appetizers with the right sauces and accompaniments. In this section, I will discuss the common sauces and side dishes that enhance the flavors of spring rolls and egg rolls.

Firstly, the dipping sauces for spring rolls and egg rolls can be quite different. Spring rolls are often served with a light, tangy fish sauce or a sweet and sour sauce made from ingredients like vinegar, sugar, and chili paste. These sauces complement the fresh, delicate nature of spring rolls, which typically contain vegetables, rice noodles, or meat.

On the other hand, egg rolls are often paired with a thicker sauce, such as plum sauce, hoisin sauce, or a spicy mustard, which adds a robust and savory element to the experience.

A popular accompaniment to spring rolls is a selection of fresh herbs, such as mint, basil, and cilantro. These herbs not only provide a burst of flavor, but they also add a layer of complexity, balancing the tastes of the dipping sauces. Some spring roll enthusiasts also like to wrap their rolls in lettuce leaves for an added crunch and refreshing taste.

As for egg rolls, they don’t typically come with an abundance of fresh herbs or vegetable accompaniments. Instead, they often rely on a mixture of spices, such as five-spice powder, to bring out their flavors. Egg rolls may sometimes be served alongside a small salad or slaw to add a touch of freshness and help cut through the richer flavors.

Whether you’re enjoying a spring roll or an egg roll, the sauces, spices, and accompaniments you choose can significantly impact the overall experience. Remember that experimentation can lead to exciting and satisfying flavor combinations, so don’t hesitate to try out different pairings to find your favorite mix.

Popular Variations and Recipes

Fresh Spring Rolls

One of my favorite variations of spring rolls is the fresh spring roll. These are often served as appetizers and are perfect for warm weather. Instead of being fried, they have a soft and delicate wrapper made of rice paper. Inside, you’ll typically find ingredients like rice noodles, onions, and a variety of vegetables. Fresh spring rolls can be enjoyed with a range of dipping sauces, making each bite a flavorful experience.

Summer Rolls

Summer rolls are very reminiscent of fresh spring rolls, with a similar light and delicate texture. They’ve become quite popular in the western world as a healthy appetizer option. The ingredients found in summer rolls usually include shrimp, tofu, or chicken, along with fresh herbs, onions, and rice noodles. Wrapped in a translucent rice paper, these rolls are often served with a peanut dipping sauce or a tangy fish sauce.

Thai Spring Rolls

Thai spring rolls are another tasty variation that I enjoy. These rolls are usually fried and have a crispy, golden exterior. The filling may consist of minced pork, chicken, or vegetables, combined with rice noodles, onions, and Thai seasonings like lemongrass or kaffir lime leaves. The Thai spring roll is a delightful appetizer that’s often served with a sweet chili dipping sauce.

Dim Sum

Finally, when it comes to the wide world of spring rolls, it’s important to mention Dim Sum. As a traditional Chinese cuisine, Dim Sum features a vast and varied range of small plates, including many spring roll variations. You can find spring rolls with different types of wrappers, fillings, and cooking methods, making it an exciting culinary experience to explore.

Modern Takes and Adaptations

In my experience trying various egg rolls and spring rolls, I’ve noticed that American restaurants often put their own spin on these classic appetizers by introducing new ingredients and flavors. For instance, avocado, which isn’t traditionally found in Chinese cuisine, has become a popular ingredient in some spring rolls for its creaminess and complementary taste with other ingredients.

I’ve also come across quite a few Americanized versions that incorporate bacon, adding a smoky flavor and extra crunchiness to the dish. Corn, another non-traditional ingredient, has been introduced in some recipes to offer a touch of sweetness and contrasting texture.

As a food enthusiast, I appreciate that restaurants are catering to different dietary needs by offering vegetarian spring rolls and egg rolls. These options typically include a variety of vegetables, such as carrots, cabbage, and bean sprouts, making them a healthy and delicious choice for those who prefer meatless dishes.

It’s worth mentioning that while spring rolls have their origins in mainland China, egg rolls are actually a product of American Chinese cooking. This explains why the fillings and flavors of egg rolls found in American restaurants can be quite different from those in mainland China.

Even with these modern adaptations and variations, the essential differences between spring rolls and egg rolls still remain – the wrappers, cooking methods, and traditional fillings. However, these creative twists and reinventions have only added to the appeal of these appetizers, making them delicious staples that continue to intrigue and delight palates across the globe.


In the realm of popular Chinese appetizers, I find that both spring rolls and egg rolls have their unique characteristics. For instance, spring rolls typically have a thinner and more delicate wrapper, while egg rolls possess a thicker, bubbly exterior. I appreciate the texture differences between them and how they complement the diverse fillings inside.

Another aspect that I find intriguing is the regional variations of spring rolls, which can be served fresh or fried. The cooking methods provide a great opportunity to experience diverse textures and flavors within the same dish, as opposed to egg rolls, which are typically served fried. In my analysis, the versatility of spring rolls is what sets them apart and makes them a favored appetizer among many.

However, I must also mention the historical origins of these appetizers and how they have evolved over time. Spring rolls have traditional Chinese roots, while egg rolls emerged from American Chinese cooking. This distinction gives us insight into the adaptation of Chinese cuisine to suit the preferences of an entirely new audience.

I find both spring rolls and egg rolls a delightful addition to any meal, offering a crispy and flavorful taste that can cater to various preferences. Personally, I enjoy exploring different types of these rolls and consider them an essential part of the overall dining experience when trying Asian cuisine.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the main differences between spring rolls and egg rolls?

There are several differences between spring rolls and egg rolls, such as their origin, wrapper ingredients, and preparation process. Spring rolls originated in China and can be fried, steamed, or baked. Egg rolls, on the other hand, were invented in the United States and are always deep-fried. The dough for spring roll wrappers typically consists of water and flour (wheat or rice flour), while egg roll wrappers require water, wheat flour, and eggs.

Which type of roll is healthier?

The healthiness of spring rolls and egg rolls depends primarily on their preparation and ingredients. Baked or steamed spring rolls tend to be healthier due to their lower fat content compared to deep-fried egg rolls. The choice of filling and the use of fresh ingredients play a significant role in determining the overall nutritional value of both rolls.

What are the typical fillings for each roll?

Spring rolls usually contain a mix of fresh vegetables, herbs, and sometimes protein sources like shrimp or tofu. In contrast, egg rolls often contain a cooked filling with cabbage, carrots, and a choice of protein such as pork, beef, or chicken. Both types of rolls offer a diverse range of fillings to cater to various taste preferences.

How do the wrappers differ between the two types of rolls?

Spring roll wrappers are made primarily from water and flour (wheat or rice flour), resulting in a thin, delicate texture that becomes crispy when fried. Egg roll wrappers are thicker and made from water, wheat flour, and eggs, which gives them a thicker, crunchy texture when deep-fried.

Can either rolls be prepared in a vegetarian or vegan version?

Yes, both spring rolls and egg rolls can be made vegetarian or vegan by substituting animal-based protein sources with plant-based options like tofu, seitan, or tempeh and skipping ingredients such as eggs in the wrapper dough for vegan versions.

What is the difference between spring rolls and summer rolls?

The main difference between spring rolls and summer rolls lies in their wrapping and preparation method. Spring rolls use thin, wheat or rice-based wrappers that are usually fried but can also be baked or steamed. In contrast, summer rolls use rice paper wrappers that are not cooked, giving them a softer, more translucent appearance. Furthermore, summer rolls typically feature fresh, uncooked ingredients, while spring rolls often have cooked fillings.

Spring Roll vs Egg Roll: Ultimate Comparison

5 from 2 votes
Recipe by Laura Ritterman


  • Spring rolls

  • Egg rolls


  • Choose your favorite between egg rolls and spring rolls
  • Gather the required ingredients
  • Serve and enjoy

Like this recipe?

Follow us @recipefairy on Pinterest

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *