Pho vs Ramen: What’s the Difference?


In a world that loves noodle soups, two dishes stand out: Pho, the national pride of Vietnam, and Ramen, a culinary symbol of Japan. If you’ve ever found yourself wondering about the distinctions between these two popular dishes, you are not alone. Let’s delve into the intricate world of Pho and Ramen to help you understand their origins, preparation methods, cultural significance and more importantly, what sets them apart.

pho vs ramen

What is Pho?


Pho (pronounced ‘fuh’) is a Vietnamese soup that dates back to the early 20th century. It originated in Northern Vietnam but has since spread to every corner of the world.

The key components of Pho are its broth, rice noodles called ‘bánh phở’, herbs, and meat – traditionally either beef or chicken. The broth is made by simmering bones (often beef), alongside onions, ginger, star anise, cloves and cinnamon for several hours to extract a rich, savory flavor.

There are many varieties of Pho, each with its unique twist. From the traditional Pho Bo (beef pho) and Pho Ga (chicken pho) to the inventive seafood or vegetarian pho, the options are endless.

In Vietnamese culture, Pho is more than just food. It is a symbol of hospitality and family. Many Vietnamese start their day with a bowl of Pho for breakfast.

Types of Pho

1. Pho Bo

This is the most common type of Pho, made with beef. The beef can be served in various ways such as:

  • Pho Bo Tai: With rare beef slices
  • Pho Bo Chin: With well-done beef
  • Pho Bo Vien: With beef meatballs

2. Pho Ga

This is Pho served with chicken instead of beef.

3. Pho Chay

This is the vegetarian or vegan version of Pho, often made with tofu and vegetables.

4. Pho Tom

This is a less common version of Pho, made with shrimp.

5. Pho Ca

This is Pho made with fish.

Remember that Pho can be customized with various toppings and sauces to suit individual preferences.

What is Ramen?


Ramen is a Japanese dish with Chinese roots. It was popularized in Japan in the late 19th century and has since become one of Japan’s most beloved exports.

Ramen consists of wheat noodles served in a meat or fish-based broth often flavored with soy sauce or miso. Key ingredients include sliced pork (chashu), nori (seaweed), menma (bamboo shoots), and green onions.

There’s no shortage of ramen varieties either. The four major types are Shoyu (soy sauce), Miso (fermented bean paste), Shio (salt), and Tonkotsu (pork bone). Each has its unique flavor profile and ingredients.

In Japan, ramen holds significant cultural value. It’s seen as a comfort food and is deeply integrated into daily Japanese life. Ramen shops abound in every Japanese city and town, representing the country’s appreciation for this hearty dish.

Types of Ramen

1. Shoyu Ramen

Shoyu (soy sauce) Ramen is one of the oldest types. It has a clear brown broth, based on a chicken and vegetable (or sometimes fish or beef) stock with plenty of soy sauce added.

2. Miso Ramen

Miso Ramen is a relative newcomer, having reached national prominence around 1965. This uniquely Japanese ramen, which was developed in Hokkaido, features a broth that combines copious amounts of miso and is blended with oily chicken or fish broth.

3. Tonkotsu Ramen

Tonkotsu (pork bone) Ramen is a cloudy white broth. The broth is made by boiling pork bones, fat, and collagen over high heat for hours on end, suffusing the broth with a hearty pork flavor and a creamy consistency.

4. Shio Ramen

Shio (salt) Ramen is probably the oldest form of ramen, and is a pale, clear, yellowish broth made with plenty of salt and any combination of chicken, vegetables, fish, and seaweed.

5. Tsukemen Ramen

Tsukemen is a style of ramen where the noodles and broth are served separately. You dip the noodles into the broth before eating.

Each type of Ramen comes with unique toppings, which can vary widely from chef to chef.

Pho vs Ramen – The Differences

Pho and Ramen might appear similar at first glance, but they have some distinct differences.

BrothClear, aromatic, and lightRich, creamy, and flavorful
NoodlesFlat rice noodlesWheat noodles
MeatOften beef or chickenVaried, including pork, chicken, beef, seafood, or vegetarian options
SeasoningsStar anise, cinnamon, cloves, coriander seeds, and gingerSoy sauce, miso, salt, and various toppings
VegetablesBean sprouts, basil, lime, cilantroTypically includes scallions, bamboo shoots, and seaweed
Serving StyleArrives with raw meat and vegetables that cook in the hot broth at the tableIngredients are pre-cooked and assembled in the bowl before adding the hot broth
Regional VariationsDifferent regions in Vietnam have their own unique pho stylesDifferent regions in Japan have their own distinct ramen styles
CondimentsHoisin sauce, Sriracha, and other sauces for dipping and added flavorOften served with pickled vegetables, chili oil, sesame seeds, and other toppings
SpicinessTypically not spicy, but can be adjusted with condimentsCan vary from mild to very spicy, depending on the type of ramen
Serving VesselsOften served in large bowlsServed in deep bowls or ramen-specific bowls

Firstly, they use different types of noodles. Pho uses flat rice noodles, while Ramen uses wheat noodles that are typically curly.

The broth in both dishes differs too. Pho broth is clear and aromatic, heavily reliant on spices like star anise and clove for its unique taste. On the other hand, ramen broth can be clear or creamy depending on the style and is usually richer and heavier than pho broth.

Toppings also differ significantly. While both dishes feature meat, Pho usually uses thinly sliced beef or chicken whereas ramen typically has chashu pork. Additionally, ramen often includes ingredients like bamboo shoots and boiled eggs which are less common in pho.

Preparation time varies too: Pho broth can take several hours to prepare while certain types of ramen broth (like Tonkotsu) may simmer for over 12 hours!

Finally, there are differences in eating etiquette. For instance, slurping is considered polite when eating ramen in Japan as it enhances the flavors and cools down the noodles.

See Also: Ramen vs Udon

Pho vs Ramen – The Similarities

Despite their differences, Pho and Ramen also share similarities. Both dishes play starring roles in their respective cuisines and are seen as comfort foods. The broths in both dishes are painstakingly prepared over several hours to extract maximum flavor. And both use an array of herbs and spices to enhance their taste profiles.

Trying Out Pho and Ramen

Both dishes can be found in numerous restaurants worldwide that serve authentic Vietnamese or Japanese cuisine. If you’re up for a culinary challenge at home, numerous recipes can guide you through making your own pho or ramen.

As for pairing suggestions, both dishes go well with traditional drinks from their respective countries like Vietnamese coffee or Japanese sake, as well as with side dishes like spring rolls (for pho) or gyoza (for ramen).


Pho and Ramen may come from different cultures but they share a common thread: they are both heartwarming noodle soups that offer not just sustenance but also comfort. As for the question of which one is better? That’s subjective; it depends on personal preference. I encourage you to try both dishes if you haven’t yet done so and form your own opinion. After all, exploring new foods is one of life’s greatest joys!


Pho vs Ramen which is better?

Determining whether Pho or Ramen is better depends on individual preference. If you prefer a lighter, clear broth with a delicate balance of spices, Pho might be your choice. However, if you’re a fan of rich, complex, and hearty broths, Ramen could be more appealing. Each has unique ingredients and flavors, making them both worthwhile culinary experiences.

Which is healthier Pho vs Ramen?

Both Pho and Ramen can be healthy if made with nutritious ingredients. However, Pho generally tends to be lower in calories and fat content due to its clear, light broth and lean protein (usually chicken or beef slices). Ramen, on the other hand, often contains richer, heavier broths and may include more fatty meats, making it potentially higher in calories and fat. Pho is usually served with a side of herbs and sauces. Ramen is typically served with various toppings, such as sliced pork, dried seaweed, and green onions.

What types of noodles are used in Pho and Ramen?

Pho uses rice noodles, which are white and translucent, while Ramen uses wheat noodles, which are yellow and slightly elastic.

Do pho and ramen taste the same?

No, Pho and Ramen do not taste the same. Pho, from Vietnam, has a light, fragrant broth with flat rice noodles and fresh herbs. In contrast, Ramen, from Japan, has a rich, umami-flavored broth with wheat noodles and hearty toppings. Each dish offers a unique taste reflecting its cultural tradition.

Pho vs Ramen: What’s the Difference?

5 from 1 vote
Recipe by Laura Ritterman


  • Pho

  • Ramen


  • Choose which dish you want to make
  • Gather the ingredients
  • Serve up

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